Here’s the complete series of related posts (in order) on going under the hood with XML and its uses in learning technologies. Click on each to see the full post.
An LMS, or Learning Management System is a software application that provides a framework for the course material, and takes care of all the back-end administration that is necessary to make the learning experience happen.
SCORM stands for “Sharable Content Object Reference Model,” and is a set of technical standards that define how Web-based online learning content and LMSs communicate with each other.
The Tin Can application programming interface, or API, (also known as The Experience API or xAPI) is the next generation of SCORM. It can capture formal as well as informal and social learning and performance as it actually happens, inside our outside an LMS or Web environment.
Metadata is information about information, typically describing a data resource (e.g., a Web page, an image, a document, an e-learning module, an ebook) by specifying information about it (e.g., creation, purpose, structure) to provide context and improve meaning, and help evolve the semantic Web.
XML is the workhorse of metadata and the semantic Web, the means by which we describe the meaning and context of information on the Web. XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language. It pops up all over the place, specifying contents and navigation in elearning, in ebooks, and on the Web.